Shrimp Festival Donates T-shirts to Uganda Orphanage

An often-overlooked benefit of the Isle of Eight Flags Shrimp Festival is the philanthropical commitment from the committee. Every month the treasurer makes cash donations to local non-profits such as Micah’s Place, the Girl Scouts, or the Nassau Education Foundation. As a non-profit organization, the Shrimp Festival finds numerous ways to help other amazing organizations.

Recently, Hospitality and Volunteer Chairperson Jennifer Fritts took a mission trip to the Okoa Refuge located in Uganda, Africa. She was able to take 75 Shrimp Festival T-shirts and donate them to a local orphanage. “The children looked adorable running around the orphanage in those Shrimp Festival shirts,” Jennifer said.

Jennifer migrated to Amelia Island in 2015 and immediately got plugged in to the community. Second to her trip to Africa, stumbling across the opportunity to join the Shrimp Festival committee has been one of the most rewarding things she has done. “I can vouch for what an enormous production it is behind the scenes. It takes hundreds of volunteers – hundreds of hours – to pull off this family-friendly weekend event.” Jennifer continued, “With the help of dedicated volunteer committee members, local sports and other organizations, the Shrimp Festival goes on every year. This prideful island embraces a spirit of volunteerism and enthusiasm that is very special. Being a part of this community and the festival has revived my sense of community service and teamwork. It takes a village!” She concluded.

The 55th annual Isle of Eight Flags Shrimp Festival, sponsored by Baptist Health – Nassau, will be held May 4-6, 2018, in historic, downtown Fernandina Beach. The traditional Pirate Parade will be held Thursday, May 3rd at 6:00 p.m. to kick-off the weekend’s festivities. There will be a huge Kid’s Fun Zone, over 400 art, craft, and antique vendors, nationally recognized entertainment, Miss Shrimp Festival pageant, contests, pirates, and of course, plenty of shrimp served up by Nassau County non-profit organizations! The festival is free to attend.

We are grateful for the continued support of gracious volunteers within our community. If you are interested in participating this year, feel free to reach out to volunteer@shrimpfestival.com for more information.

Friends of the Library Presents Workshop on iPhone Apps

Friends of the Library continues to offer computer and mobile device workshops by Deryck Burnett, owner of Megabite Computer Services. Mr. Burnett will continue January’s smartphone topic with a workshop on installing and managing apps on the iPhone. The presentation will be held Saturday, February 17th from noon to 1:00p.m. in the Community Room of the Fernandina Beach Library.

Mr. Burnett will conduct a similar workshop on managing apps for Android smartphones in March. The date and time for this presentation will be announced as soon as it is scheduled.

Friends of the Library offers this presentation free of charge. Participation is limited, so register in advance by calling the library at 904-530-6500, Extension 1. If you find you are not able to attend, please call the library to cancel so someone on the waiting list can participate.

For further information regarding this event, on joining Friends of the Library, or to donate, visit the Friends of the Library website at www.fernandinaFOL.org.

Christiania Piano Quartet in Concert February 2nd

Fernandina Beach, FL — The Christiania Piano Quartet, led by cellist Christopher Rex, the AICMF’s general and artistic director, will perform music of Mozart, Korngold, Bériot, Halvorsen and Schumann on February 2nd as part of the seventeenth season of the Amelia Island Chamber Music Festival.

This performance is scheduled for 7:30 PM at Prince of Peace Lutheran Church, 2600 Atlantic Avenue in Fernandina Beach. Tickets for this concert and the entire 2018 season are available at www.aicmf.com or by calling the Festival office at 904-261-1779.

The Festival-favorite Christiania Piano Quartet is composed of violinist David Coucheron, violinist/violist Julianne Lee and pianist Julie Coucheron, in addition to cellist Christopher Rex.

Mr. Rex, the Festival’s founder, has been principal cellist of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra since 1979, the same year in which he became the first cellist ever to win the string prize in the Young Artists Competition of the National Federation of Music Clubs. Since then, he has appeared as recitalist and chamber musician across the nation.

Ms. Lee has established a distinctive career as both a violinist and violist, appearing frequently as a soloist, chamber musician, and orchestral player. She was assistant principal second violinist of the Boston Symphony Orchestra prior to joining the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra this season as its new principal second violinist.

Mr. Coucheron was the youngest concertmaster among any major U.S. orchestras at the time of his appointment at the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra in 2010. He has worked with such conductors as ASO Music Director Robert Spano, Michael Tilson Thomas, Mstislav Rostropovich and Charles Dutoit. Mr. Coucheron has performed as a soloist with the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra and Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, in addition to playing solo recitals at Carnegie Hall, London’s Wigmore Hall and the Kennedy Center.

Ms. Coucheron, David’s sister, has established an international career as a soloist and chamber musician. She has won first prize in all of the national competitions she has entered. Ms. Coucheron has worked with Lazar Berman, Claude Frank, Emanuel Ax, Vladimir Feltsman, John O’Connor, Elton John and Chistopher O’Riley. She has toured the world playing in such great venues as Verizon Hall, Wigmore Hall, Carnegie Hall.

The Amelia Island Chamber Music Festival will continue on February 9 with a concert by the acclaimed Miró Quartet, followed by a February 15 performance with internationally recognized violinist Gil Shaham and renowned pianist Akira Eguchi. The Festival will continue through April with 16 more memorable performances, three of which are free, in addition to a free master class conducted by members of the Dover Quarter, the Festival’s quartet-in-residence. Complete information and tickets for all of these concerts are available at www.aicmf.com.

Great Weather to Enjoy Farmers and Arts Markets

The Fernandina Beach Market Place farmers market and the Fernandina Beach Arts Market will be open Saturday, January 17, 2018, from 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m., on North Seventh Street in downtown Fernandina’s historic district. If your New Year’s resolution was to eat clean or lose weight, this will be a great day to come and shop for seasonal produce. Four farmers bring a nice variety of freshly harvested fruits, nuts, beans, and vegetables that will help you reach your goals.

Boatright Family Farms is from South Georgia and they bring cabbage, peas and beans, squash, zucchini, onions, and more. Cabbage Creek Farm, from Nassau County, Florida, are growing salad greens, spinach, kale and other greens. King’s Kountry Produce sets up two booths with their farm fresh strawberries, Brussel sprouts, broccoli, and other Florida grown winter vegetables. Bacon’s Select Produce grow lettuce, kale and cucumbers in their Jacksonville greenhouses. They sell their green and red butter head lettuce with the roots still attached providing a longer shelf life.

Upstream Seafood sets up a deep freezer with Alaskan salmon, delicious scallops, and an amazing smoked salmon dip. Chesser Seafood operate a small shrimp boat out of Mayport, Florida, and they sell out of their large shrimp every week. Many of these vendors will sell out of their products, but you can place pre-orders with them to make sure you don’t miss out.

Other great vendors returning this week include Me, Myself and Pies, Lizzie’s Cheese Straws, Golden Olive Press, and JD Beef will have a fresh supply of pork in stock, too.

The Arts Market, located adjacent to the Market Place, will have nearly 20 booths of handcrafted furniture, woodworking, apparel, fine and whimsical jewelry, paintings, pottery, glassware, and more.

Volunteers will be on hand at our Booth With a Cause to answer your questions and show you the exciting line up of authors they have planned for the 17th Annual Amelia Island Book Festival being held February 15 – 17, 2018. This event promotes literacy by celebrating the joys of reading and writing.

Both markets are open rain or shine, and your well-behaved, leashed pets are always welcomed. For more information, please visit FernandinaBeachMarketPlace.com or FernandinaBeachArtsMarket.com.

FSCJ Receives $25,000 Grant from AT&T Foundation for Fire Cadet Training

Join Florida State College at Jacksonville (FSCJ) for a special check presentation in honor of the $25,000 Fire Cadet Academy Grant awarded to FSCJ by the AT&T Foundation.

The grant provides scholarships to 11 students from underserved populations who wish to obtain FSCJ’s Firefighter I/II Workforce Certificate through the Fire Academy of the South (FAS). Students will be trained in FSCJ’s FAS state-of-the-art training facilities with modern equipment including a new maritime fire trainer and aircraft rescue and firefighting (ARFF) simulator.

Special guests include FSCJ President Dr. Cynthia Bioteau, Jimmy Patronis, chief financial officer for the state of Florida, Kurtis Wilson, director/fire chief for Jacksonville Fire and Rescue Department and Heather Duncan, regional director, external affairs for AT&T.

WHEN: Tuesday, January 30, 2018 at 2 p.m.
WHERE: Florida State College at Jacksonville-Fire Academy of the South
2700 Firefighter Memorial Dr., Jacksonville, FL 32246

An Afternoon of Art: Lecture Series in partnership with the Fernandina Beach Branch Library

Jacksonville, Fla. — The Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens, in collaboration with Cummer Amelia, is pleased to present An Afternoon of Art: Lecture Series in partnership with the Fernandina Beach Branch Library. The series will take place from 2 to 4 p.m. on January 29, February 26, March 26, & April 23, 2018. This series of lectures is free to the public, and registration is encouraged. Light refreshments and beverages will be served at no additional charge.

This year’s series will focus on “Women Artists from the Renaissance to Abstract Expressionism”, and will be led by Cummer Museum Director of Education Lynn Norris.

January 29: Explore the women artists who were prominent in their own time, forgotten by history, and rediscovered when the first feminist art historians began asking, “Why are there no great women artists?”

February 26: This series continues with the 18th century, when three women achieved a degree of fame, wealth, and adulation that was unparalleled – Rosalba Carriera, Angelica Kauffman, and Elizabeth Vigée-Lebrun (who was the subject of a major retrospective at the Metropolitan Museum of Art).

March 26: In the third talk in this series, Rosa Bonheur, Berthe Morisot, Mary Cassatt, and Cecilia Beaux were at the vanguard of a large contingent of women artists who concentrated on scenes of everyday life. Their place – still separate and not equal.

April 23: The last lecture in this series addresses the 20th century, when art education became available to women. For major artists from Georgia O’ Keeffe to Helen Frankenthaler, a new question emerged: “to be an artist or a woman artist?”

FOL Offers a Program on Myths and Benefits of Hypnosis

Friends of the Library is offering a presentation on the topic of “Dispelling the Myths About Hypnosis While Learning the Benefits.” Carlos Bustabad, MA, CHt., will deliver this informative and interactive program to clarify the misconceptions regarding hypnosis and the ways to discover its wonderful benefits. This interactive program will be held in the Community Room of the Fernandina Beach Library on Wednesday evening, January 31st, at 6:00 p.m. and is free of charge.

As a Certified Consulting Hypnotist, Mr. Bustabad, specializes in helping individuals take control of their lives by increasing their confidence, motivation, and performance around personal and professional issues. As a former educator and mental health/career counselor, he has helped undreds of individuals improve the quality of their lives. As well as working with individuals, Mr. Bustabad has extensive experience delivering motivational training programs to small and large Fortune 500 companies. His unique and interactive presentation style is highly informative and fun!

To register, please call the library at 904-530-6500, extension 1.

For further information regarding this event, on joining Friends of the Library, or to donate, please visit the FOL website at www.fernandinaFOL.org.

January 2018 Writers by the Sea Discusses Binge Worthy Writing

January 18’s meeting of the 2018 Writers by the Sea will be held at the Amelia Island Museum of History, 233 S. 3rd Street, in Fernandina Beach, FL. Gather for announcements at 6:00 p.m., immediately followed by the presentation: Binge-Worthy Story Telling: A Revolution in Writing presented byDr. Nadine Vaughan D’Ardenne.

Recently, online streaming services stumbled upon a risky way to exponentially increase their profits. Called the Binge-worthy series, it is so-called because the entire series is released at once, with writing that compels the viewer to watch a season’s worth of episodes back-to-back: Think Game of Thrones; House of Cards; and Stranger Things. These scripts are a radical departure from the traditional 3-Act format. And that is good news for writers. Perfectly suited for the new millennial mindset, it also appeals to newer (ever younger) viewers and many of advancing age who love a story where it is much harder to predict the ending. Fast-paced and multi-layered in both character and plot, its open-ended loops purposefully entice the viewer to watch one episode after another, even if it means missing work the next day. This writing style includes elements that are strangely reminiscent of the addiction process.

ABOUT THE PRESENTER:
Writers by the Sea, Director Nadine D’Ardenne, is an award-winning screenwriter and licensed psychologist. She will offer insights into this type of writing as an author and as a psychologist. As the former, she initially set out to learn the craft. As the latter, she was amazed to recognize the similarities to addiction. The scripts are purposefully designed to create a psychological need for more. Dr. Vaughan will discuss some of the psychological principles upon which this method exists, along with some pros and cons of developing a career based upon this method of writing. Please check out our website: www.WritersByTheSea.net for more about us and FaceBook: Writers by the Sea – Amelia Island.

January 2018 City Commissioner Meeting

The regularly schedule meeting of the Fernandina Beach City Commissioners will be held January 16, 2018 at City Hall on Ash Street, Amelia Island.

1. CALL TO ORDER
2. ROLL CALL
3. PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE / INVOCATION
4. PRESENTATIONS
-1 PRESENTATION – AMELIA ISLAND BIKE TRAILS – Mr. Phillip Scanlan will provide a presentation regarding Amelia Island Bike Trails.
-2 BUDGET SUMMARY – Comptroller Patti Clifford will answer any questions regarding the budget summary for December 2017.

5. PUBLIC COMMENT REGARDING ITEMS NOT ON THE AGENDA OR ITEMS ON THE CONSENT AGENDA
6. CONSENT AGENDA
-1 CORRECTED – BUDGET AMENDMENTS – HURRICANE IRMA – RESOLUTION 2017-210 APPROVING AMENDMENTS TO THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017/2018 FOR ITEMS RELATED TO HURRICANE IRMA DEBRIS; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
Synopsis: Approves budget amendments for Hurricane Irma debris removal related invoices and approves increasing the Total City Budget from $138,877,010 to $139,826,454. $137,755,000 to $138,704,444.

-2 FACILITIES USE AGREEMENT – BUCCANEER REGION SCCA – RESOLUTION 2018-04 APPROVING A FACILITIES USE AGREEMENT WITH BUCCANEER REGION SCCA TO USE AIRPORT PROPERTY FOR SCCA AUTOCROSS SOLO DRIVING EVENTS ON VARIOUS DATES IN 2018; AUTHORIZING EXECUTION; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
Synopsis: Approves a Facilities Use Agreement for SCCA Autocross Solo Driving Events in 2018.

7. RESOLUTIONS
-1 CHANGE ORDER APPROVAL – KELLERMAN CONSTRUCTION, INC – RESOLUTION 2018-05 APPROVING CHANGE ORDER #1 WITH KELLERMAN CONSTRUCTION, INC. IN THE AMOUNT OF $10,000 TO INCLUDE ADDITIONAL WORK ON THE TIMBER WALKWAY IN THE AREA SOUTH AND WEST OF THE RESTAURANT, AUTHORIZING THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF $38,000; AUTHORIZING EXECUTION; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
Synopsis: Approves Change Order #1 with Kellerman Construction, Inc.

-2 AGREEMENT NEGOTIATION – RFP #17-06 – RESOLUTION 2018-06 AUTHORIZING NEGOTIATION WITH ADVANCED DISPOSAL IN RESPONSE TO RFP #17-06; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
Synopsis: Accepts the recommendation of the Evaluation Committee for RFP #17-06 Collection and Disposal of Garbage, Recyclables, and Yard Debris and authorizes the City Manager and City Attorney to negotiate a franchise agreement with Advanced Disposal.

8. CITY MANAGER REPORTS
9. CITY ATTORNEY REPORTS
10. CITY CLERK REPORTS
11. MAYOR/COMMISSIONER COMMENTS
12. ADJOURNMENT

Friends of the Library Resumes Series of Computer Classes

Deryck Burnett, owner of Megabite Computer Services, returns to offer his computer expertise at the Fernandina Beach Library. January’s topic is “An Overview of Using the Smartphone.”

This workshop will be held on Saturday, January 20th, from 12:15 – 1:15 p.m. (note the new time) in the Fernandina Beach Library Community Room and is free of charge.

Participation is limited, so register in advance by calling the library at 904-530-6500, Extension 1. If you are not able to attend, please call the library to cancel so someone on the waiting list may participate.

For further information regarding this event, on joining Friends of the Library, or to donate, please visit the Friends of the Library website at www.fernandinaFOL.org.

Amelia Island’s Tenth Annual Restaurant Week

For a decade, Amelia Island’s annual restaurant week remains one of the most anticipated events on the island. The ten-day culinary showcase will feature a selection of Amelia Island’s award-winning and popular dining establishments. From January 19-28, 2018, guests can enjoy Restaurant Week dining for lunch and dinner, with different restaurants participating in each. Both lunch and dinner will offer a savory prix-fixe menu.

Participating restaurants offer prix-fixe menu(s) at $12 for lunch and $21, $31 or $41 for dinner.

CLICK HERE to view participating restaurants.

Polar Express Experience at Nana Teresa’s

Nana Teresa’s is offering a hot cocoa bar, weather permitting, beginning at 6:00 p.m., on December 2, 2017, in the lawn of their historic district shop. Purchase a cup of hot cocoa and have fun creating your own special drink with items from their buffet: Marshmallows, Peppermint Sticks, Chocolate Sauce, Candy Toppings, Whipped Cream and so much more!

Local store, BUYGO, will be on hand with some special treats and there will be plenty of giveaways and super fun door prizes. The Rendezvous Film Festival will begin screening “The Polar Express” at 7:00 PM on the bakery’s lawn.

The showing is FREE, but due to limited space you’ll want to get here early to grab your treats and seats. Kids are encouraged to wear their PJs, bring a lawn chair, and a include a blanket.

This is going to be an amazing outdoor event!

How to Flush Out Kidney Stones

Have you ever heard that passing a kidney stone is more painful than giving birth? Each year, more than 1 million people in the U.S. rush to the emergency room with pain caused by a kidney stone. Kidney stones are hard, pebble-like pieces of material that form in one or both kidneys. They’re caused by high levels of certain minerals in your urine. Stones vary in size from tiny crystals that can only be seen with a microscope to stones over an inch wide. Tiny stones may pass out of your body without your even noticing. With larger stones, you won’t be so lucky. Stones that are larger than a pencil eraser can get stuck in the urinary tract—and that can really hurt.

Everyone is at some risk for developing kidney stones. “It is a very common condition,” says Dr. Ziya Kirkali, a urologist at NIH. “One out of 11 individuals in the U.S. is affected by this disease.” Kidney stones can form at any age, but they usually appear during middle age (40s to 60s). Of those who develop one stone, half will develop at least one more in the future.

“Probably one of the most important reasons why people form stones is dehydration,” Kirkali says. When urine is too concentrated, minerals can build up and form stones. “I can’t over-emphasize the importance of drinking plenty of water, because that’s the most effective way of preventing kidney stone disease.”

During the warmest months of the year, you’re at greatest risk of becoming dehydrated. “So it is really important to drink more than you usually drink during the cooler days or months,” Kirkali says.

To detect kidney stones, your doctor may order lab or imaging tests. Lab tests look in urine for blood, signs of infection, minerals (like calcium), and stones. Blood tests can also detect high levels of certain minerals. “About 80% of all stones are made of calcium oxalate,” Kirkali says. Knowing what the stones are made of can help guide treatment.

Treatment also depends on the stone’s size and location. CT scans or plain X-ray imaging can help your doctor pinpoint the location and estimate the size of a kidney stone. Depending on what your doctor finds, you may be prescribed medicine and advised to drink a lot of fluids. Or, you might need a procedure to break up or remove the kidney stone.

There are different procedures for breaking up or removing kidney stones. One method delivers shock waves to the stone from outside of the body. Other strategies involve inserting a tool into the body, either through the urinary tract or directly into the kidney through surgery. After the stone is located, it can be broken up into smaller pieces.

Once you’ve had a kidney stone, you have an increased chance for having another. NIH-supported scientists are studying ways to prevent kidney stones from returning. “We always tell our patients to drink more, but it’s not so easy to really increase your fluid intake,” Kirkali says. A new study is testing a method to encourage people to drink more fluids each day. Other NIH-funded studies are trying to unravel why some people seem more at risk of developing kidney stones. Still others are looking into how to better detect stones and treat them.

Don’t let the pain of kidney stones send you to the emergency room. Keep hydrated! But if you develop any of the symptoms shown in the “Wise Choices” box, see your doctor right away.

Written by: NIH Office of Communications and Public Liaison
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Managing Editor: Tianna Hicklin, Ph.D.

Form Your Future for College Bound Students

Press release: Florida State College at Jacksonville (FSCJ), in partnership with the University of North Florida, Edward Waters College, Duval County Public Schools, the Nassau County School District, Year Up Jacksonville, Earn Up and the JAX Chamber, is hosting Form Your Future, a free event that helps college-bound students complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form.

Form Your Future takes place Saturday, November 18, 2017, from 9 a.m.-1 p.m. at both the FSCJ Advanced Technology Center, located on FSCJ Downtown Campus, and the FSCJ Betty P. Cook Nassau Center.

This annual event provides free, in-person, financial aid guidance to help all incoming students and/or their parents/guardians prepare for a smooth transition to begin college. Students who attend Form Your Future also have the opportunity to enter for a chance to receive scholarship money. Participating colleges and universities are giving away more than $35,000 in scholarships.

The addresses for each location are listed below:

FSCJ Advanced Technology Center (next to Downtown Campus, between Pearl and Broad streets)
401 W. State Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202

FSCJ Betty P. Cook Nassau Center (just east of I-95 off of SR A1A)
76346 William Burgess Blvd., Yulee, FL 32097

Professional financial aid staff and counselors will be on hand at both locations to offer free help in all aspects of the application process. In order to complete the FAFSA, parents and students should bring the following:

* Social Security number, driver’s license or alien registration card
* 2016 IRS 1040 or latest tax return and W-2 statements
* Federal Student Aid ID (Don’t have one? Create one at fsaid.ed.gov.)

For more information, visit formyourfuture.org/.

What’s the Difference Between Bronchitis and Pneumonia?

Coughs help your body clear your airways of irritants and prevent infection. But a deep cough from your chest may signal bronchitis or pneumonia. Although they may have different underlying causes, their symptoms can be similar—and both can be serious enough to send you to the doctor.

Bronchitis and pneumonia both involve Inflammation in the chest. Both can cause coughs that bring up a slimy substance called phlegm to help clear out germs and pus. And both can cause shortness of breath and wheezing.
Bronchitis is a condition in which the bronchial tubes that lead to the lungs become inflamed. Viruses, bacteria, and even toxins like tobacco smoke can inflame the bronchial tubes. Most of the time, though, bronchitis is caused by an infection with one of several types of viruses. If you develop bronchitis during flu season, a likely culprit may be the flu virus. Cold viruses are also common causes at this and other times of year.

Pneumonia is caused by an infection of the lungs. “About 1/3 of cases are caused by viruses, but most of them are bacterial related,” says Dr. Kenneth Olivier, a lung infection expert at NIH. “They’re from bacteria that are quite common, like Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is the leading cause of bacterial pneumonias in all ages in the U.S.”
If you get a fever with bronchitis, it is usually mild (below 101 degrees Fahrenheit). In more serious cases, you may have chest pain, feel short of breath, or wheeze when you breathe in.

“Pneumonia, on the other hand, typically is associated with fever, sometimes very high, spiking fever,” Olivier says. Breathing problems, chest pain, and other symptoms also tend to be more severe with pneumonia. If you have a fever and chills, trouble breathing, or a cough that is bringing up thick phlegm, especially if it’s yellow or green, go see your doctor.

Your doctor can listen to your lungs by placing a stethoscope on your chest. “Frequently, the physician can hear areas where the breath sounds are altered,” Olivier says. If you have pneumonia, your doctor may hear bubbling, crackling, or rumbling sounds from the lungs.

You may be sent for a chest X-ray, which can show whether the lungs contain fluid or pus from an infection. An X-ray is the best way to diagnose pneumonia and rule out bronchitis. Whichever illness you have, resting and drinking plenty of fluids are important ways to care for yourself.

If you’re diagnosed with bronchitis, your doctor probably won’t give you antibiotics. Because viruses are the usual cause of bronchitis, antibiotics are seldom helpful. If you’re wheezing, however, you may be given medicine to open your airways. Your cough may last 10 to 20 days.

Because bacteria are often the cause of pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. It can take 1 to 4 weeks to recover from pneumonia. Some people require treatment in the hospital.

Germs that cause colds, the flu, and lower airway infections are contagious. The best way to prevent getting bronchitis or pneumonia is to avoid getting these infections. And when you’re sick, take care not to spread your germs to others (see “Wise Choices” box for tips).

Guard Against Airway Infections
-Wash your hands often with soap and water.
-Use alcohol-based hand gel if you’re unable to wash them.
-Cough into a tissue, your elbow, or your sleeve.
-Ask your doctor about vaccines for you and your children. Certain vaccines can prevent airway infections caused by harmful viruses and bacteria.
-Avoid people who are coughing or showing signs of infection.
-Avoid tobacco smoke.

Written by NIH Office of Communications and Public Liaison
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Managing Editor: Tianna Hicklin, Ph.D.

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