The classic martini was stirred, "so as not to bruise the gin".
The classic martini was stirred, “so as not to bruise the gin”.
W. Somerset Maugham declared that “martinis should always be stirred, not shaken, so that the molecules lie sensuously one on top of the other,”James Bondfrom theAlbert R. Broccoli films ordered his “shaken, not stirred“, a drink properly called a Bradford.(Embury 1948, p. 101)
The concept of “bruising the gin” as a result of shaking a martini is an oft-debated topic. The term comes from an older argument over whether or not to bruise the mint in preparing a mint julep. A shaken martini is different from stirred for a few reasons. The shaking action breaks up the ice and adds more water, slightly weakening the drink but also altering the taste. Some would say the shaken martini has a “more rounded” taste. Others, usually citing obscure scientific studies, say that shaking causes more of a certain class of molecules (aldehydes) to bond with oxygen, resulting in a “sharper” taste. Shaking also adds tiny air bubbles, which can lead to a cloudy drink instead of a clear one. If the drink is used as an aperitif, to cleanse the mouth before eating, the tiny air bubbles restrict the gin (or vodka) from reaching all tastebuds. This is why purists would claim that a martini should always be stirred.
Some martini devotees believe the vermouth is more evenly distributed by shaking, which can alter the flavor and texture of the beverage as well. In some places, a shaken martini is referred to as a “martini James Bond” or a “007.” (Fleming actually named Bond’s drink the “Vesper“, after the heroine of the first novel Casino Royale, though it is a specific recipe.)
THE PERFECT MARTINI
0.5 oz. Dry Vermouth
2.5 oz. Gin
Fill a shaker half full with ice cubes
Pour all ingredients into shaker and shake well
Strain drink into a cocktail glass
Garnish with either a lemon twist or two cocktail olives